Policy Concepts in 1000 Words: Multiple Streams Analysis

Paul Cairney: Politics & Public Policy

garbage cans streams

(podcast download)

‘Ideas’ are the beliefs we develop and use to understand and interpret the world. Some beliefs are so deeply ingrained in our psyche that we generally take them for granted. Others are more visible – our beliefs about policy problems help us argue for particular solutions. Indeed, ‘policy solution’ is closer to the intuitive meaning of ‘I have an idea’. Kingdon grapples with this dual role for (or meaning of) ‘ideas’ by considering how policy solutions are received within government or wider policy networks. His starting point is the phrase ‘an idea whose time has come’, which implies ‘an irresistible movement that sweeps over our politics and our society, pushing aside everything that might stand in its path’. He argues that such notions are misleading because they ignore the conditions that have to be satisfied – during a brief ‘window of opportunity’ – before a policy will change…

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Who is mysteriously supplying weapons to ISIS in Afghanistan?

CRSS Blog

Amb

Image Source: www.embrussia.ru

In a interesting turn of events, the Russian foreign ministry recently claimed that there were reports of ‘unidentified’ helicopters supplying arms to ISIS in Afghanistan, soon before the group captured a strategic part of the Tora Bora mountain complex.

It is also being reported the helicopter might belong to the Afghan army, who is allegedly supporting the ISIS-Khorasan – a group known for its anti-Pakistan attacks and activities. Yet, at this point in time, nothing can be claimed with certainty as Afghan MP Zahir Qadir is blaming the US army for the ISIS supply of weapons.

Below is the official press release of Maria Zakharova, official spokesperson of the Russian Foreign Ministry:

We’ve taken note of new reports about unmarked helicopters ferrying the fighters of ISIS Afghan branch, as well as weapons and munitions for them, in eastern Afghanistan.

On June 14, ISIS captured a large part of…

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Large Scale Integration of Renewables in Pakistan a Possible Option

Saadia Qayyum

Energy generated by intermittent renewable sources (solar and wind) is vulnerable to large fluctuations, as their force and occurrence at a defined site cannot be controlled. Un-forecasted solar and wind power fluctuations can therefore increase spinning reserve requirements, and drive up the electricity generation costs. Further, large ramp events such as thick cloud cover can affect power system frequency stability.

In Pakistan, opponents of renewable energy frequently cite the intermittency issue to justify adding coal and RLNG plants into our energy mix instead of solar and/or wind. However, with the improvement in technology, this intermittency issue is now manageable and can no longer be used as an excuse for not increasing the share of solar and wind energy.

Given below are the various ways,  the policy makers and the system and grid operator can address the intermittency issue:

Hybrid Projects

Combining wind and solar projects in the same location can increase…

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No Improvement in the Performance of DISCOs

Saadia Qayyum

The average distribution losses in Pakistan are 20% as none of the electricity distribution companies (DISCOs) are performing up to the mark in terms of performance criteria defined by the regulatory authority. These include both technical and non-technical losses (power theft). Except minor improvements, DISCOs haven’t improved their overall performance in the last five years. As a matter of fact, some of the companies have shown deteriorated performance.

Amongst the DISCOs, IESCO has the lowest distribution losses (9.47%) followed by GEPCO (10.97%) and FESCO (11.26%). PESCO and SEPCO are the worst performers with reported losses of 34% and 39% respectively. Punjab located companies are better performers of the lot.

Screen Shot 2017-07-17 at 5.04.07 PMSource: State of Industry Report

The government, instead of making concerted efforts to reduce distribution losses, passes on these losses to the consumers through tariff surcharges. The consumers, therefore, not only have to pay for the electricity they consume but also for…

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The Myth of Marriage and Pukirev’s ‘Unequal Marriage’

Angry on Fridays

I was innocently searching for portraits of young Queen Victoria in floral headdresses (don’t ask), when I came across this painting on a blog called Wedding Clan: All About Wedding.

The Unequal Marriage (1862) by Vasily Pukirev

This is the description that came with the painting:

 “The Arranged Marriage by Wassili Pukirew is almost photorealistic in nature. The bride is depicted looking down as the priest begins the wedding proceedings. It’s difficult to gauge her expression as many emotions play across her pale face. The young bride is surrounded by men and an elderly gentleman who could very likely be her father standing by her side.” – Sonia Renthlei, Wedding Clan

Now, I don’t expect information on the internet to be always accurate, but I am a bit surprised how off the mark the author of this piece is. First of all, the painting is called ‘The Unequal Marriage’. It was, in fact, painted…

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Healer or Human? Messiah or Worker?

Source: Healer or Human? Messiah or Worker?

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Start of BRICS Gold-Backed Trade Pushing Deep State Desperation at All-Time High

Covert Geopolitics

It appears that the real reason why has Trump capitulated to the Deep State so quickly is the final BRICS leadership’s decision to start the dumping of the fiat dollar in matters of mutual trade and economic cooperation between the BRICS member countries.

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PRESIDENT ASSAD OF SYRIA IS NOT AN EVIL DICTATOR KILLING HIS PEOPLE- THE ESTABLISHMENT HAS LIED!

This gallery contains 7 photos.

Originally posted on THE MARSHALL REPORT:
What do evil dictators  look like?  What do they talk like?  Just how wicked is an evil dictator’s wife ?  Should she be toppled along with her husband?  Who am I talking about? President Assad of Syria…

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Constant Wait, Maybe

Writcrit

Nature___Clouds_Gloomy_clouds_on_the_horizon_094975_

Dark shadows, mournful skies,

The benevolence of Nature is under disguise,

Living kind waits tirelessly for allies,

Considering itself quite unwise.

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It was once Fragile…

Writcrit

1396435369_fragile20nature

It was once fragile,

Seeking out for some support,

From charitable earthlings,

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